##### 高橋泰城准教授らの論文が『Journal of the Physical Society of Japan』に公刊されました

Hino, M., Irie, Y., Hisakado, M., Takahashi, T ., & Mori. S. (2016). Detection of Phase Transition in Generalized Pólya Urn in Information Cascade Experiment. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85, 3, 034002.

**Abstract**

We propose a method of detecting a phase transition in a generalized Pólya urn in an information cascade experiment. The method is based on the asymptotic behavior of the correlation *C*(*t*) between the first subject’s choice and the *t* + 1-th subject’s choice, the limit value of which, c≡limt→∞C(t), is the order parameter of the phase transition. To verify the method, we perform a voting experiment using two-choice questions. An urn X is chosen at random from two urns A and B, which contain red and blue balls in different configurations. Subjects sequentially guess whether X is A or B using information about the prior subjects’ choices and the color of a ball randomly drawn from X. The color tells the subject which is X with probability *q*. We set q∈{5/9,6/9,7/9,8/9} by controlling the configurations of red and blue balls in A and B. The (average) lengths of the sequence of the subjects are 63, 63, 54.0, and 60.5 for q∈{5/9,6/9,7/9,8/9}, respectively. We describe the sequential voting process by a nonlinear Pólya urn model. The model suggests the possibility of a phase transition when *q* changes. We show that *c* > 0 (= 0) for q=5/9,6/9 (7/9,8/9) and detect the phase transition using the proposed method.

PDF paper download here: http://journals.jps.jp/doi/full/10.7566/JPSJ.85.034002