◆増田貴彦氏によるトップランナー講演会
共催ワークショップ | 2014.12.11

社会科学実験研究センターは、北海道大学「スーパーグローバル大学事業におけるトップランナーとのコラボ事業」との共催で、下記の講演会を開催いたします。

日時:2014年12月11日(木)10:00-12:00

場所:北海道大学人文社会科学総合教育研究棟W501、W502

スピーカー:増田貴彦 准教授(カナダ・アルバータ大学心理学部)

タイトル:Culture and Development: Cultural Variations in Attention between Canadian and Japanese School-age Children and their Caregivers

参加者:結城雅樹、大沼進、高橋伸幸、河西哲子 他32名(計36名)

アブストラクト:Cultural psychologists have reported systematic cultural variations in basic psychological processes, notably attention (e.g. Nisbett and Masuda, 2003). Empirical findings demonstrate that East Asians are more likely than their North American counterparts to attend to context (e.g. Masuda & Nisbett, 2001; 2006) and to produce/prefer context-rich visual representations (e.g. Masuda, Gonzalez, Kwan, & Nisbett, 2008; Wang, Masuda, Ito, & Rashid, 2012). The findings of eye-tracking research also suggest that East Asians tend to allocate their attention to both the target and contextual information, whereas North Americans selectively allocate their attention to salient objects (e.g. Masuda, Ellsworth, et al., 2008; Masuda, Wang, Ishii, & Ito, 2012; Senzaki, Masuda, & Ishii, 2014). However, it is until recently that researchers have started to examine when and how culturally specific patterns of attention emerge in development. In this talk, I will present our latest findings of developmental studies that demonstrate cultural similarities and variations in preschool and school-age children and their caregiver’s performances by using two cultural tasks: (1) School-age children’s and their caregivers’ emotion judgment styles (Masuda, Nand, et al. under review); (2) Preschool and school-age child interactions with their caregiver and their scene description styles (Senzaki, Masuda, et al. under review). I will then discuss the acquisition period for culturally specific patterns of attention, and the process of cultural transmission through caregiver-child interaction. 





 
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